The establishment of international organizations was seen as the primary way in which policy makers believed that issues in foreign affairs could be resolved. The belief was that the League of Nations could be implemented to assess and arbitrate international issues to prevent the outbreak of war on the level of the First World War. Seeing that individual nations' greed and their own perception dominated the state of being that plunged so many nations into war, the notion of a neutral, third party organization like the League would be able to provide a sense of peace and control where it was missing at the outbreak of the First World War. The hope and faith in International Commissions became part of the Treaty's hope to avoid future international conflicts. This was where much of the sticking point with passage of the Treaty in the American Congress resided. At the same time, the Treaty failed to demonstrate how this particular element would actually solve problems, and with what authority it could act. In this, the Treaty actually served to heighten international issues, acting almost like "an armistice," as opposed to an actual treaty.