Treaty of Versailles Questions and Answers

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How did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to Hitler’s rise of power?

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In addition to Hitler's masterful rhetoric regarding the Treaty of Versailles being used to tear Germany down (as my colleague has noted), some historians include the actual terms of surrender contributing to the terrible economic conditions present in Germany's Weimar Republic during the 1920s.  While many American scholars cite the Great Depression as being a very adverse economic time in American and even world history, Germany's depression was created much earlier by the Treaty.  Germany lost large swaths of territory from both its eastern Prussian region (the foundation of the modern German state) and had to cede the Alsace-Lorraine region to France.  German war reparations were set at over 130 billion gold Deutsch-marks, a staggering sum of money at any time in history.  The German military was also forced to significantly reduce its forces with severe limitations on certain types of weapons such as warships, machine guns, and airplanes.

The war debts combined with the loss of...

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