The process of Romanization of the people of the empire occurred mainly through the spread of the army and of Roman government officials.
During the time of the Pax Romana, the armies of Rome were spread out across the empire, along with Roman officials to govern the empire. With them came Roman culture. Since the Roman culture was the culture of the conquerors and rulers, it had prestige in the places that it reached. Local elites would want to adopt Roman ways so that they could be identified with the powerful Romans and perhaps be accepted by them. For this reason, people throughout the empire started to take Roman names and to speak Latin. They came to partake in Roman things such as baths and gladiatorial games. Through this process they came to be Roman in terms of their culture.