How is the the theme of hope portrayed in The Grapes of Wrath?

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The Joads and the other migrants who have been pushed out of their homes by the Dust Bowl first hope they can find work and build new lives in California. The "handbills" entice them to go there and paint a rosy picture of the good life.

As Tom says when they arrive and the situation is worse than they anticipated with no work to be found:

It's jus' such a hell of a long ways. An' we kinda hoped we could get work here an' rent a house to live in.

Later, hope moves from hope of individual (family) survival to hope in group solidarity, a major theme if the novel. Tom expresses that communitarian hope as he leaves, envisioning himself as a spirit or apostle of all the people. He says,

Wherever they’s a fight so hungry people can eat, I’ll be there. Wherever they’s a cop beatin’ up a guy, I’ll be there. If Casy knowed, why, I’ll be in the way guys yell when they’re mad an’—I’ll be in the way kids laugh when they’re hungry an’ they know supper’s ready.

He says his spirit will always be, as well, with his family.

Although hope comes to be embodied in worker solidarity in a struggle against the souless world of capitalism, the hope that springs from individual acts of kindness and generosity is never forgotten. It is movingly expressed at the end of the novel when Rose of Sharon feeds a starving man her own breast milk after her baby is born stillborn.

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In chapter 1, we are told that the women searched the men's faces after the dust storms because "the corn could go as long as something else remained".  Hope is what the women searched for because with hope, they could endure hardships.  In chapter 28, in Tom's famous "I'll be everywhere..." speech, he expresses his hope and the hope that Jim Casy had for a brighter tomorrow, a better condition for all people. Ma expresses hope many times in the story when she talks about how if they all work together then change can be accomplished. It especially comes through in her "We are the people" speech in chapter 20. One of the most poignant displays of hope is in the closing scene of the book.  Rose of Sharon, having recently given birth to her stillborn child, along with her family comes across a starving man and his son in a barn.  The man can no longer keep food down because he's denied himself food in order to give food to his son.  Rose of Sharon nurses the man.  The small smile on her face shows hope as she gives life back to the man.

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