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How did the Shogun respond to the problem of deforestation in Japan?

The shogun responded to deforestation by implementing a national plan to reduce logging and replace destroyed forests. Under the new policy, one had to obtain special permission from the government for the harvest and use of wood. The shogun also encouraged the planting of trees.

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Imagine this. It's the 1600s. You're living on an island, one of over six thousand in your country. The population is growing rapidly and gathering together into cities. Houses are springing up everywhere, and they are nearly all made of wood. Private homes aren't the only building projects, though. Huge royal palaces and gigantic temples are also in the works throughout your city and country. All of this construction requires wood, lots and lots of wood, for that is the standard building material in your land. Yet people still need wood for other uses, too, especially for fuel like firewood and charcoal.

You notice that the forests, once so grand and sprawling, are now dwindling, and that leads to more environmental problems. Trees prevent runoff that can lead to water contamination, but now with fewer trees, more pollutants are seeping into the water supply. This runoff also causes soil erosion that creates all sorts of troubles, everything from a lack of nutrients in the soil (crops...

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