World War I

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How did the role of the federal government change during the period following World War I (c. 1918–1990)?

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Following World War I, the role of the federal government changed drastically, as it became increasingly involved in the key institutions and sectors of American life. This trend had actually begun even before World War I with the Progressive Era reforms and with the 1909 passage of the 16th Amendment, which created the federal income tax. This trend accelerated with the New Deal following the Great Depression.

Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal was based on the concept that the federal government was vital to the nation's economic stability. With dozens of new bureaucratic agencies, the New Deal employed millions of Americans, pumped money into the economy, and established the federal government's...

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