Andrew Jackson had his greatest impact on the Cherokee population, pushing them and other southeastern tribes off their land with his Indian Removal Act. The Indian Removal Act was a key part of Jackson's legacy, as it gave land to his Western constituents and directly led to the Trail of...
Andrew Jackson had his greatest impact on the Cherokee population, pushing them and other southeastern tribes off their land with his Indian Removal Act. The Indian Removal Act was a key part of Jackson's legacy, as it gave land to his Western constituents and directly led to the Trail of Tears, on which thousands of Cherokee died.
While Jackson did not annex the Republic of Texas, he did not discourage Americans from moving to Texas as guests of Mexico, but he later supported their freedom from Mexican laws. As a retired politician, Jackson would go on to suggest to one of his proteges, President James Polk, that it was in the United States' best interest to annex the young republic.
Under the doctrine of Manifest Destiny, Americans believed that it was their God-given right to spread their culture and governance over the entire continent. This notion became popular in the early 1840s, after Jackson had finished his presidency. One of the major events tied to Manifest Destiny was the Mexican War, where the United States severely defeated the Mexican army and took much of what would become the Western United States. While part of the treaty ending the war stipulated that Mexicans living in this conquered territory would be treated fairly, this was often not the case, as Mexicans were faced with discrimination from encroaching whites.
After the discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill, people came from all over the world to get in on the California gold rush. Many Chinese people came as well, taking on abandoned gold claims and making a modest living off gold pieces considered too small to maintain white prospectors's attention.
Upon hearing that Chinese immigrants were successful, the white prospectors looked both to the courts and to extralegal methods in order to get back their claims. When Chinese immigrants took to selling things to the miners, the miners claimed that they were taking away jobs. All of the protests against Chinese immigration would ultimately lead to the Chinese Exclusion Act, passed under the leadership of Rutherford B. Hayes. It was the first attempt to limit immigration into the United States.