The New Deal brought about many social service programs into the sphere of the federal government that had not formerly existed on the size, scope, and scale of The New Deal. As a response to the Great Depression, in which the US experienced the worst economic crisis in its history, President Franklin D. Roosevelt enacted several laws that aimed to alleviate the heavy burden of the economic crisis from the shoulders of working class America.
Dozens of programs and agencies were created by FDR (Franklin D. Roosevelt) through the New Deal. There were two waves of the New Deal in which FDR's administration sought to address economic, housing, food, and quality of life issues for working class and unemployed Americans. Previously, much of the social and economic inequality in America was addressed through charity and private aid. Welfare was not really a realm of the government. However, because of the immense size of the economic crisis, the federal government decided to introduce agencies and programs within the federal government realm that addressed the economic welfare of its citizens.
This shift led to a cultural shift in the ways in which the state was viewed by Americans. While these views could certainly be affected by the race, class, and gender of an individual, there was a general shift in the view that the government could perhaps provide a form of economic security to Americans. The New Deal greatly expanded the role of the state in citizens' lives, which was previously thought to be an oppressive and unwanted force in people's everyday lives. After the New Deal, people who were able to benefit from the programs began to see the growth of the state as not inherently oppressive.