How did the New Deal change the role of the government?

The New Deal changed the role of the government in several ways, including involving the government more in the economy and in the personal lives of citizens and establishing organizations and systems to help the people, such as Social Security.

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It should be noted, during the early Twentieth Century, the United States government took on a more significant and active role under the Progressives. Theodore Roosevelt, for example, was famous for his efforts in prosecuting big business operations (furthermore, it should be noted that his successor, Taft, was far more active in prosecuting big business than Roosevelt himself had been). Later, government would take on still greater power for itself, with the advent of World War I and the requirements of coordinating a wartime economy.

After the end of World War I, there was a reaction against this increase in government power represented by the Progressives and, later, the First World War. Thus, in the 1920's, Republican presidents, starting with Warren Harding, restored a policy of laissez faire economics, which eschewed government regulation of the economy. However, the Great Depression made laissez faire untenable. The election of Franklin Delano Roosevelt signaled a profound shift...

(The entire section contains 5 answers and 1080 words.)

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