The Market Revolution, Industrialization, and New Technologies

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How did the Industrial Revolution lead to imperialism?

The Industrial Revolution led to imperialism in ways such as creating the demand for raw materials, which would be turned into products in factories, and providing the means to transport those raw materials with inventions such as the steam engine.

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The Industrial Revolution began in Europe in about 1750 CE (AD). Before the Industrial Revolution, engines, machines, and factories did not exist. Most people had to grow and hunt their own food, make everything they owned (like their homes, clothes, and tools), and travel by foot (or a horse or carriage if they were wealthy). Electricity and indoor plumbing were unknown in Europe. There were no such things as trains, telephones, or cameras.

The Industrial Revolution lead to imperialism because it gave the motive and the ability to imperialize Asia and Africa.

The first major inventions that began the Industrial Revolution were the steam engine and spinning jenny. The steam engine was created in the early 1700s, and perfected in the late 1700s. Using a coal or wood fire to boil water, the engine operated by forcing the high-pressured steam to turn gears. This engine became the basis for train engines and machines in factories—both very important to imperialism.

The spinning jenny was a...

(The entire section contains 842 words.)

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