Andrew Jackson's Presidency Questions and Answers

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How did the Cherokee attempt to resist removal by the United States?

Cherokee attempts at resisting the removal by the United States included creating a formal Cherokee constitution, negotiating the Treat of 1819, and proceeding with legal action within the Supreme Court. These actions proved futile when Andrew Jackson was elected President and forcibly removed them for their land.

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The Cherokee government had long maintained that they were a private, sovereign nation. In fact, the 1785 Treaty of Hopewell specifically stipulated that the Cherokee were an independent nation within American borders, and if American settlers ventured onto Cherokee land, they were subject to Cherokee laws. However, the United States regularly encroached upon Cherokee territory, more severely as time went on.

The Cherokee and their principal chief, John Ross, worked hard to resist American encroachment. Ross helped negotiate the Treaty of 1819, or the Adams-Onis Treaty, which defined the limits of the Louisiana Purchase. The Cherokee also began to refuse U.S. cession requests and adopted a formal written constitution that further sought to safeguard their people against removal.

In 1828 Andrew Jackson was elected president, and his administration essentially laid waste to the progress the Cherokee had made. He immediately declared removal of eastern tribes as a national objective, and...

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