The overall economic, governmental, and cultural development of British Columbia was largely driven by the Cariboo Gold Rush, which began in the early 1860s and succeeded the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush.
During the Cariboo Gold Rush, many people from different cultures participated, which both increased the population of the colony but also diversified the population, helping to build an advanced culture.
In order to accommodate all of the rushers, infrastructure like roads and bridges needed to be built—most notably the Cariboo Wagon Road, which was next-generation technology compared to the existing infrastructure.
The increase in infrastructure, the increase in population, and the financial market based on the gold caused an increased government presence as regulation was needed in these key aspects of civilization. The government presence worked to codify laws and regulations and provide a fair system of justice which citizens could live under.
There were a number of towns and cities that popped up during this time to house the rushers, notably Barkerville, Keithley Creek, the Forks, Antler, and Richfield. These towns catalyzed local economies to provide goods and services to their inhabitants.
Years later when the rush died down, many rushers decided to stay in British Columbia and find permanent work, many of whom became ranchers and continued to advance the civilization and culture.