How did the author use foreshadowing in chapter 3 of Number the Stars?

The author uses foreshadowing in chapter 3 of Number the Stars when he says that Annemarie is glad that to be an ordinary person who will never have to be called upon to show courage. Later on in the story, Annemarie will indeed show courage as she becomes involved in helping to hide her Jewish friend Ellen from the Nazis.

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Right at the end of chapter 3 of Lois Lowry's Number the Stars, Annemarie is in bed, trying to get to sleep. But she's not able to do so—at least not straight away—as her mind is preoccupied with all kinds of disturbing, scary thoughts.

At dinner that evening,...

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Right at the end of chapter 3 of Lois Lowry's Number the Stars, Annemarie is in bed, trying to get to sleep. But she's not able to do so—at least not straight away—as her mind is preoccupied with all kinds of disturbing, scary thoughts.

At dinner that evening, Annemarie had heard the terrible news about the Nazis closing down Mrs. Hirsch's button shop. This was part of a general order to close down Jewish-owned businesses in Denmark. Annemarie is shocked on hearing the news and is also surprised to discover that Mrs. Hirsch is actually Jewish.

But she does know that the Rosens are Jewish, and so Annemarie's thoughts inevitably turn to her good friend Ellen and what might happen to her. Earlier in the evening, Annemarie had told her father that all of Denmark must be the bodyguard for the Jews. But as she lies in bed at night, she reflects that it's only people in fairytales who are required to show courage and die for each other. In real life, ordinary people like herself are never called upon to show courage.

This is an example of foreshadowing, because in later chapters, ordinary people like Annemarie and members of her family will indeed be called upon to show courage in protecting Ellen and other Jews from the Nazis.

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