According to Chapter 13 in Guns, Germs and Steel, why did technology development differ from one place to another?
In this chapter, Diamond lists three factors that determine how much technology a given area will have. He says that the differences that we observe between the various continents are caused by these factors. The factors are:
- Onset of food production. The sooner a place got agriculture, the more developed its technology will be.
- Barriers to diffusion. Much technology is acquired by borrowing from other cultures. The easier it is for technology to diffuse from place to place in a given area, the more technology societies in that area will have.
- Human population size. The more people there are, the more potential inventors there are.
Technological development differed from place to place because of these factors.