how did technological innovation transform American industry?

Expert Answers
mlsldy3 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

An astounding rust of inventions and technological innovations transformed America and its economy in the late 19th century. Not all of Americans were happy about these changes. Not all of these innovations were done correctly.

In the late 19th century the outburst of technological innovations fueled the economic growth of our country. We had the rise in the American Corporation and the advent of Big Business. This resulted in a concentration of the nation's productive capacities in fewer and fewer hands. Mechanization brought our farming into the realm of big business. The US became the world premier food producer. Since farming became such a big business, the want and need for more land, came with a price. It created more wars with Native Americans and eventually led to the relocation of the Natives. Many Americans were apprehensive about this and it cause great division for family owned farms. This fueled the rise of national labor unions and brought about clashes between capital and labor. 

Not everything that happened was considered bad, though. There were many inventions that made life much easier for Americans. The invention of the refrigerated railroad car, now made it possible to carry things that were perishable, to now be carried over many miles. The invention of the cigarette rolling machine created more industry jobs. With the inventions of the typewriter and adding machine, made office work more productive. We were now able to keep records and keep up with the flow of products. The telephone revolutionized social and economic life. With the invention of the gasoline engine and electricity made life in America easier. The technological innovation of the late 19th century caused some discourse between Americans, but it also brought us a sense of community. It created more jobs and allowed it easier for people to stay in contact with one another.   

rachellopez | Student

Technology allowed industry to be much more efficient in creating products. Machines in factories helped mass produce items for a cheaper cost than manual labor. When demand for products went up it was much easier to meet peoples needs. Better transportation, like railroads, helped take items from one location to another faster. This was good for foods that went bad quickly or just for heavy loads. Electricity was one of the biggest inventions that helped industry. It allowed people to work day and night, which gained more money for companies.