The Space Race and the Arms Race

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How did the space race affect the Soviet Union?

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The Space Race was one facet of the Cold War in which the Soviet Union and the United States competed to establish dominance in space, which was widely believed to be a burgeoning arena of combat for future wars. The effects of the Space Race on the Soviet Union were...

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The Space Race was one facet of the Cold War in which the Soviet Union and the United States competed to establish dominance in space, which was widely believed to be a burgeoning arena of combat for future wars. The effects of the Space Race on the Soviet Union were largely the same as they were on the United States. The first thing it did was to drive scientific achievement and development, as the Soviets created more and more powerful rocketry that could take them to the stars.

Eventually, the Soviet Union struck first in the Space Race by launching Sputnik, a surveillance satellite and the first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth. This action gave the Soviet Union an edge on surveillance and a leg up in the race. They eventually also sent the first man into space, Yuri Gagarin.

In all, the resulting effect was essentially to create a permanent presence in space for communication and surveillance and to drive technology rapidly forward, which it did. It also served as very effective propaganda for both sides, convincing their citizens and allies that they were technologically superior to their enemies.

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An interesting fact of the space race is that, while it used millions of dollars, countless resources, and many years of effort that potentially could have been diverted to other areas, it actually created great benefits for the countries involved.

The space race was a period of progressively more advanced space technology between the Soviet Union and the United States. While the Soviet Union initially came out ahead by launching into space first and putting humans in orbit first, the United States eventually made it to the moon before them. This competition was running alongside the arms race, with the buildup of significant nuclear warheads between the two countries in the event of war.

The space race impacted the Soviet Union in that it greatly accelerated their technology, especially in terms of rocket-launching capabilities and long-range militaristic efforts. Additionally, it allowed them to get a number of satellites into orbit quickly, which contributed to espionage efforts during the Cold War but later on has been a major contributor to communications, internet, and GPS technology.

While it was a drain on both nations' resources, the space race pushed technology to develop much more quickly, and it also gave technology and industrial companies a great deal of work in the meantime that was government-sponsored and -funded, which led to job creation.

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The space race was a part of the Cold War. The Cold War was a period of time from the end of World War II until 1991 where the United States and the Soviet Union were in a series of competitions and confrontations. The space race was one example of the competition between the two countries.

The Soviet Union took the lead in the space race. In 1957, the Soviet Union launched Sputnik, the first satellite, into space. Both countries had been working on developing a satellite. Both countries spent a lot of money on the research and development of the first satellite.

After Sputnik was launched, the next area of competition focused on getting an astronaut into space. Again, the Soviet Union and the United States spent a lot of time, effort, and resources developing the ability to launch an astronaut that would orbit the Earth. The Soviet Union was the first country to send an astronaut into orbit around the Earth when Yuri Gagarin went into orbit in April 1961.

The next area of competition focused on being able to land an astronaut on the moon. Both countries spent a great deal of time and money trying to achieve this goal. The United States was the first to accomplish this feat when Neil Armstrong became the first person to walk on the moon on July 20, 1969.

The space race impacted the Soviet Union as they used many resources trying to be the first country to launch a satellite, have an astronaut orbit the Earth, and land an astronaut on the moon. A great deal of time, effort, energy, and resources went into the development of their space program. The same was true for the United States and the development of our space program.  

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