The French and Indian War (The Seven Years' War)

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How did the Seven Years’ War change the balance of power in North America and throughout the world?

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The result of the Seven Years' War was an enormous increase in the power of Great Britain, especially with regard to its chief adversary, France. The British took over Canada, decisively defeating the French at Quebec in 1759. The French were expelled from America entirely with the exception of their colonies in the West Indies. Prior to 1756, the French had claimed possession of not only Canada but the interior of the North American continent west of the Appalachians and north of Mexico. In 1763, the portion of this territory west of the Mississippi was turned over to Spain, while the British took possession of the entire region extending from the Atlantic coast to the Mississippi, including Florida, which had previously been part of New Spain. In other words, some Spanish territory was in effect traded to Britain in exchange for a larger (as yet unexplored by Europeans) region in the interior of North America.

During the same period, the British secured control over much of India,...

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