How did the settlers of the Middle Colonies develop their economy?

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mkoren eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The settlers of the Middle Colonies developed their economy in two ways.  New York and New Jersey were closer to New England. Therefore, the climate in these colonies was cooler than the climate in Pennsylvania and Delaware. Additionally, the soil was not as good for farming.  Therefore, there was more business and manufacturing in New York and New Jersey. These colonies were also closer to resources that could be used in manufacturing products.  In Pennsylvania and Delaware the soil was more fertile, and the climate was somewhat better for farming.  Therefore, farming was the main job in Pennsylvania and Delaware. They grew crops that could be sold for a profit.  Wheat was one of these crops.  Thus, the economic activities of the Middle Colonies were varied and based on factors that best suited the development of those economic activities.