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How did the Second Industrial Revolution affect American society?

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The Second Industrial Revolution changed American society in many ways.  This revolution, which took place from approximately 1870 to 1914, was a time of great national business expansion.  Tycoons such as John D. Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie sought to corner the oil and steel markets, respectively.  Carnegie was able to take advantage of the post-Civil War boom in railroad and skyscraper production.  Carnegie was also able to get into the kerosene and heating oil industry, as whaling was becoming a thing of the past.  Railroads and telegraphs spanned the entire country, bringing instantaneous communication and streamlining transportation to places that had once been very remote.  It was now possible for someone living on the West Coast to place an order for something in New York and have it shipped in.  This opened the door for the mail-order catalog industry.  

Of course, all of these advancements in the procurement of wealth had consequences.  Businesses had almost no...

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