The 1993 movie Schindler's List raised significant awareness of the atrocities that were committed by Nazi Germany against the Jewish people during World War II. These atrocities are commonly referred to as the Holocaust.
During the Holocaust, the Nazi regime initiated what it referred to as its "final solution," which involved the imprisonment and extermination of the Jewish people. Approximately six million Jews were killed during this period. Many were executed, but many others died from disease and malnutrition from their imprisonment.
Schindler's List is set in Poland during World War II. Oskar Schindler, a member of the Nazi Party, runs a factory in the city of Krakow and hires local Jews to work in it because they work for lower wages than other locals.
After witnessing the massacre of a ghetto by a Nazi SS officer, Schindler is shocked and profoundly disturbed, thus changing his perception of the war. To save Jews from being sent to Auschwitz for extermination, Schindler bribes officials into sending them to a factory instead. His "list" consists of approximately 850 people who are saved from certain death. Schindler spends the vast majority of his personal savings on these bribes, leaving him nearly penniless at the war's end.
Ultimately, the movie's contribution in shaping the cultural identity of the Jewish people was in how it made people vastly more aware of the horrors of the concentration camps and extermination chambers.