How did Rome's republic differ from Greek democracy? How were they similar?

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If we specify the golden age of Athenian democracy, which lasted for most of the fifth century BCE, and the Roman Republic, which lasted from the expulsion of King Tarquin in 509 BCE to the establishment of the empire by Augustus in 27 BCE, the first point to make is that the Roman Republic lasted for five times as long as the Athenian democracy and changed significantly during that time. In 509 BCE, Rome was essentially a city-state like Athens. By the end of the Republican period it was a vast, sprawling empire without an emperor. The differences between the two civilizations therefore increased as the Roman Republic grew. In Athens, all free adult men had voting rights. In Rome, active participation in politics was limited to a fairly small number of Patrician and wealthy Plebeian families, and political life became notably more corrupt towards the end of the Republic.

Both cultures gave free adult men a high degree of personal liberty. However, Roman society made it easier for a...

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