World War I

Start Your Free Trial

How did the results of the Peace Conference after WWI create problems in postwar Europe?

Expert Answers info

Ben Orn eNotes educator | Certified Educator

calendarEducator since 2019

write643 answers

starTop subjects are History, Literature, and Social Sciences

The Peace Conference after World War I (1914-1918) was harsh on Germany. At the conclusion of this meeting, the Versailles Treaty (1919) was signed.

President Woodrow Wilson offered the Fourteen Points in October 1918 as the basis for peace and Germany agreed. But the terms of Versailles were much more severe for Germany. The Versailles Treaty was the result of the deliberation of the Big Four leaders: Wilson, and the heads of government of the other major Allies (France, Britain, and Italy). The European powers, especially France, wanted revenge for their huge losses during the war.

Germany had to accept guilt for the war and pay large reparations. Germany lost ten percent of its territory. The country had to limit its army to 100,000 men. Germans were angry because the peace settlement was dictated to them, and the terms were unlike those of Wilson's Fourteen Points. The harsh terms of the Versailles Treaty-though relaxed in later years-helped Adolph Hitler rise to power, causing WWII. Hitler promised to make Germany great again.

Austria, Germany's main ally in WWI, had to sign the equally severe Treaty of St. Germain in 1919. It limited Austria's army to 30,000, put German-speaking people under foreign rule, and forbade union with Germany. Hitler, an Austrian, united Germany and Austria in 1938, and invaded Poland in 1939, starting WWII.

In summary, the treaties ending WWI helped create political instability in Europe and plant the seeds for the next conflict: WWII.

check Approved by eNotes Editorial

pohnpei397 eNotes educator | Certified Educator

calendarEducator since 2009

write35,413 answers

starTop subjects are History, Literature, and Social Sciences

The results of the Paris Peace Conference (mainly the Treaty of Versailles) created problems in postwar Europe mostly because of how they treated Germany.  The Treaty of Versailles treated Germany very harshly.  Germany was dismembered, with parts of it being taken away and given to other country.  Germany was also punished economically and militarily.  The treaty limited the size and nature of the German military.  The treaty forced Germany to pay reparations that crippled its economy.  By doing all of these things, the treaty ensured that Germany would want revenge.  The German desire for revenge was the major cause of World War I.

check Approved by eNotes Editorial


Ask a Question