The Republican Party was one of the two major United States political parties. It was founded by a coalition in 1854. The coalition was composed of former members of the Whig, Free-Soil, and Know-Nothing parties, as well as the Northern Democrats who were dissatisfied with their party’s stand on compromise over slavery. The early Republicans accepted slavery in the south; however they were opposed to extending slavery into the Western territories. In 1856 they nominated John Charles Fremont for the presidency. He won about a third of the popular vote, but alienated many potential supporters by his failure to oppose immigration.
The Republicans joined the Democrats as one of the nation’s two major parties in the late 1850’s. They gathered support as the concern grew in the North over the Southern power in Washington, D.C., and the party also reassured the anti-foreign Know-Nothings that they cared about the social impact of immigration. “In 1860 their candidate, Abe Lincoln, was elected to the presidency; the Southern states eventually seceded from the Union over Lincoln’s policies.”
The Republican party is just over 150 years old. In fact, it started in 1854; it was founded in Michigan, and was started by, among others, men opposed to slavery. They wanted a more unified nation. Within a few years it was a national power; in 1860 Lincoln was elected as a Republican.
The Republican Party, one of the two principal political parties of the United States, was founded in 1854 by those who opposed the extension of slavery (the buying and selling of Africans as forced laborers) into new territories. The party gained enough support to elect their candidate, Abraham Lincoln (1809–1865), to the presidency in 1860. During the 1880s party members called themselves the Grand Old Party (GOP), a nickname that is still used by Republicans today. There have been seventeen Republican presidents.
Further Information: Anbinder, Tyler G. Nativism and Slavery: The Northern Know Nothings and the Politics of the 1850's. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992; History of the Republican Party. [Online] Available http://www.azgop.org/history.htm, October 26, 2000; Republican National Committee. The Republican Party. [Online] Available http://www.rnc.org/2000/gophistory, October 26, 2000.
The party began in 1854 with the elimination of slavery as its platform... specifically it was formed to oppose the Kansas-Nebraska act, which would have allowed for slavery in Kansas.
It also advocated such things as a national railroad, higher education, and banking.
Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican President, elected in 1860.
The party has grown and changed dramatically over the years... Lincoln wouldn't even recognize the Republican Party of today's election.
With regards to not being able to find info: if you want basic background info on something, I recommend looking on Wikipedia... just don't ever use or cite it for a paper!