How did Reconstruction impact the lives of African-Americans both politically and socially? 

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mkoren eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Reconstruction had a significant impact on the lives of African-Americans both politically and socially. After the Civil War ended, African-Americans were free to move about the country. They were able to officially get married. They were able to search for their family members from whom they had been separated. They were able to build their own schools and their own churches. They were able to go to work for whoever they wanted. The federal government also provided help by giving African-Americans food, clothing, and medical care when necessary.

Politically, there were important changes made. African-Americans were considered citizens if they were born in the United States as a result of the 14th Amendment. They had the same rights as citizens, and those rights couldn’t be taken away without due process of law. African-American males couldn’t be denied the right to vote because of their race or because they had been slaves as a result of the 15th Amendment. African-American males began to vote, and some African-American males got elected to office.

After the Civil War ended, African-Americans benefited from Reconstruction both politically and socially.