How did Portia manage to solve the problem in The Merchant of Venice?  

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I assume that you are referring to Act IV, scene i, when Portia appears at the Venetian court, disguised as a young doctor of law, to argue the case brought before the Duke concerning Antonio's inability to repay Shylock the money loaned him.  Shylock requires a pound of flesh from the body of Antonio nearest the heart in recompense.

Portia does a few things to solve this problem and save Antonio.  First she pleads to Shylock to have mercy upon Antonio and forgive him the bond.  In a long speech on the value and quality of mercy, she says:

. . . Therefore, Jew,

Though justice be thy plea, consider...

(The entire section contains 335 words.)

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