How did plans to unify the nation differ after the Civil War?please help me with this question and be precise please

Expert Answers
lhc eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Both Andrew Johnson and Abraham Lincoln before his death supported fairly lenient plans to re-establish the Confederate States as part of the Union.  Lincoln's plan is often called the 10% Plan, because it called for 10% of a southern state's registered voters from the 1860 election to take a loyalty oath.  Once that was accomplished, the former Confederate state was legally admitted back into the United States.  Both Lincoln and Johnson also favored generous and lenient policies regarding Southern political and property rights.  On the abolition front, Johnson supported the 13th Amendment that abolished slavery, but drew the line at the idea of blacks voting as he believed this was an issue for the states to determine.  The plans of the so-called Radical Republicans, passed over Johnson's veto, were based on the premise that the South should be punished for starting the war.   Therefore, the Reconstruction Act of 1867 contained the following components:

  • Divided the South into 5 districts and placed them under military rule, disbanding the state governments that had been readmitted under Lincoln/Johnson plans
  • Required former Confederate states to ratify the 14th Amendment
  • Guaranteed freedmen the right to vote in conventions to write new state constitutions (this was by no means the last word on the rights of blacks in the South, because southern states wasted little time passing what came to be known as black codes that were aimed at keeping African-Americans from exercising basic rights in southern communities.

Access hundreds of thousands of answers with a free trial.

Start Free Trial
Ask a Question