How does Piggy die in Lord of the Flies?
The death of Piggy follows a series of plot events. Ralph and Piggy decide to face Jack and force him to listen to reason. They think they will be able to talk some sense into him. Jack and the other boys still have Piggy's glasses, so they decide to confront him and get the glasses back.
Once they are at the other boys camp, Jack attacks Ralph, and they start to fight. Ralph tells Jack to give the glasses back, and they struggle to show who is in control. Piggy gives a shrill yell hoping to get the attention focused on him and off of the fighting. Roger is above on the mountain top and pushes a boulder down the side. Ralph hears it coming and is able to get out of the way. Piggy is struck by the boulder, and the conch shell he is still holding is shattered. Piggy falls off the mountain and to his death on the rocks below. Jack tries to attack Ralph, but he is able to get away.
The death of Piggy has symbolic value. It shows the death of innocence of these boys. They have given in to the wild ways of the island with no authority at all. Ralph is the only one left who has an ounce of who he was left inside of him.
After Simon’s unfortunate death, the hunters led by Jack attack Ralph’s group and manage to steal Piggy’s glasses which they wanted to use for lighting a fire. This prompts Ralph, Samneric and Piggy to visit the hunter’s camp the next day to demand the glasses. But as Ralph and Samneric approach the hunters, Piggy is left standing on the stone bridge with the conch shell in his hands. A verbal confrontation between Ralph and Jack takes place as some hunters take Samneric hostage. In the process, Roger releases a stone that they used to guard the bridge and it falls on Piggy causing him to fall off a cliff landing forty feet downwards. He fell on his back and his head burst open from the impact. His body, like Simon’s, is swept away by the water. The conch shell also got destroyed during this incident.
Roger released a rock from above that flew down from the cliff above and hit Piggy, knocking him down. He fell forty feet and landed (dead) on his back down by the water. Then the water washed in and took his body out to sea.
"The rock struck Piggy a glancing blow from chin to knee: the conch exploded into a thousand white fragments and ceased to exist. Piggy, saying nothing, with no time for even a grunt, traveled through the air sideways from the rock, turning over as he went. The rock bounded twice and was lost in the forest. Piggy fell forty feet and landed on his back across the square red rock in the sea. His head opened and stuff came out and turned red. Piggy's arms and legs twitched a bit, like a pig's after it had been killed."