How did physical geography climate influence the development of civilization in India?  

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There are a number of advantages that the geography and climate of India offers.  Many of these led to the development of civilization on the subcontinent. The availability of rivers was important for farming.  The earliest civilizations developed along the Indus River, which was fed by the Saraswati River.  The...

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There are a number of advantages that the geography and climate of India offers.  Many of these led to the development of civilization on the subcontinent. The availability of rivers was important for farming.  The earliest civilizations developed along the Indus River, which was fed by the Saraswati River.  The Ganges River was another important body of water in India.  Rivers provided water for irrigating the fields but also were an excellent means of transportation which encouraged trade and commerce.  

The climate is warm with a rainy season caused by the seasonal monsoons. These conditions also made India favorable for farming.  While the monsoons could cause the rivers to flood, this was also a positive because when the waters receded, a mineral-rich layer of silt was left behind.  The mountains and deserts around the Indus River Valley were also important because they protected the river valleys from invasion by nomadic warriors.  All of these geographical advantages enabled the development of prosperous civilizations along the rivers of India.  

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