How did new found independence affect Latin American society?
I would argue that independence did not really do much at all to change Latin American societies, especially in the short term. The major reason for this is that the revolutions tended to be fairly conservative affairs. The rebellions were not fought for democracy or for the rights of the indigenous populations. Instead, they were fought mainly because the criollos wanted what they saw as their fair share of the power. They felt they had been unfairly kept out of power by those who were born in Europe. After the revolutions, societies remained much as they had been, only with a criollo elite, instead of a European-born elite, at the top.