How did the New Deal change the United States citizen’s public relationship with their federal government?  

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The New Deal (1933-1941) of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt fundamentally altered the relationship between the citizens of the U.S. and their government. The Great Depression, which began in 1929, inflicted untold suffering on most of the people. Myriad reforms implemented by the New Deal included banking, the stock market, and...

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The New Deal (1933-1941) of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt fundamentally altered the relationship between the citizens of the U.S. and their government. The Great Depression, which began in 1929, inflicted untold suffering on most of the people. Myriad reforms implemented by the New Deal included banking, the stock market, and aid to the jobless, aged, or impoverished.

One aspect of the far-reaching New Deal was bank reform. Bankrupt banks could not repay people who had deposited money. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) was established to insure deposits.

Because the Great Depression started after a stock market collapse, FDR backed the creation of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). There had been a lot of fraud in the stock market in the twenties, so regulation was badly needed.

Ordinary workers and farmers bore the brunt of the economic collapse. Unemployed workers built infrastructure for the Works Progress Administration (WPA). The Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA) helped farmers by increasing crop prices. The Social Security Act—perhaps the New Deal's most important legacy—provided financial aid to retirees.

The many programs of the New Deal were revolutionary. The New Deal sought to mitigate the ill effects of the economic collapse and stimulate the economy. It remains the basis of government social policy to this day.

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Before the New Deal, the typical American citizen would have had very little contact with the federal government.  It was not a very extensive operation and did not involve itself much in the affairs of the people.  With the New Deal, this started to change.

With the New Deal, an American came to be much more likely to depend on the government for a job.  The average American now knew that when he or she stopped working, there would be a government pension waiting.  In many places, the federal government brought electricity to average Americans.  In all these ways, the government came to be much more present in the lives of US citizens.  This created a situation in which citizens came to have a public relationship with the government where they had not had one before.

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