Segregation and the Civil Rights Movement

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How did Martin Luther King Jr. use compromise to affect change in the Civil Rights Movement?  Give examples.

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Martin Luther King, Jr. used compromise to bring about change in the civil rights movement. One example of this can be seen concerning the debate surrounding the Voting Rights Act. African Americans had been denied the right to vote for many years with the establishment of the poll tax and the literacy test. Martin Luther King, Jr. hoped that the Voting Rights Act would ban both the use of the literacy test and the poll tax. However, the final version of the bill didn’t contain a ban on the use of the poll tax. There were constitutional concerns about including the poll tax in the final version of the bill. President Johnson felt that if banning poll taxes were included in the bill, the Supreme Court might declare it unconstitutional.

However, there was a great deal of debate in Congress about including the ban of the poll tax in the bill. When the ban was included in the House version of the bill but not in the Senate version of the bill, a conference committee formed to work out the...

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