The Market Revolution, Industrialization, and New Technologies

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How did the Market Revolution impact the North and the South differently?

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The Market Revolution led to the North focusing on infrastructure and industrialization. Before the Civil War, Northern manufacturers made textiles, firearms, and furniture to be shipped around the world. Cities provided new investment opportunities for European investors as well as ideal places for immigrants who were looking for jobs. Railroad and canal construction also created many jobs for immigrants as well as the means to move both people and goods from east to west and vice versa.

The Market Revolution affected the South differently. Eli Whitney's invention of the cotton gin made it possible for Southern planters to produce even more cotton. Worldwide demand for cotton also led to more acreage being devoted to this cash crop. The cost of a slave increased exponentially as a result, thus giving the planters in the South more economic and political power and also making it less likely that the practice would gradually be phased out. Southern planters did not invest in industry as...

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