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The Boston Manufacturing Company began in 1813 and was operated by Francis Cabot Lowell and Paul Moody. Together they set up the first factory in the United States that provided all facets of textile production under one roof. The Lowell's system was responsible for the first large scale production and employment in the country. By the end of the 19th century the factory would be essential to the industrial revolution bringing the United states political clout and economic wealth. The Lowell system also included the employment of young women who lived in dormitories provided by the factory. While living in the dormitories these girls were able to earn a marriage dowry. First filled by farm girls, by the 1830's the factory employed many immigrants and unfortunately salaries were greatly decreased at that time. During the Civil War the disruption of the cotton supply directly effected the Lowell system, and it eventually ended. However, its concept of 'under one roof' production left a lasting impact upon the future of American business entrepreneurs.
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