Secession and Civil War Questions and Answers

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How did Lincoln prevent Maryland from seceding?

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Dylan Burris eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Maryland was in a unique position as the United States broke into civil war. The primary divisions in the Civil War were regional, between the Northern and Southern states. These regions had considerable differences, perhaps nowhere more so than in their economy: Northern states focused on manufacturing, while Southern states relied primarily on agriculture. The main cause of the conflict between these regions leading up to the war was slavery, which was vital to the agricultural foundation of the South. The Northern states largely opposed slavery (many had abolished slavery on a state level), though this was largely on political and economic grounds rather than popular support for abolition.

Maryland was smack in the middle—a state halfway between the North and the South, which relied on both to succeed economically. It was also one of the very few slave states that did not secede during the Civil War. Due to their heavier economic reliance on and geographic proximity to the North...

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