At the age of seventeen, Marx became a student the Faculty of Law at the University of Bonn. While studying at the university, he met and became engaged to Jenny von Westphalen. Jenny was t the daughter of Baron von Westphalen who was a prominent member of Trier society. Overtime, Westphalen introduced Marx to Romantic literature and Saint-Simonian politics. Following the year of his engagment to Jenny, his father sent him to The University of Berlin where he remained four years. While there, he stopped studying Romaticisim and began concentrating more on Heglianism which was populr in Belin at this time.
While in Berlin, Marx became a member of the Young Hegelian movement. This group produced a radical critique of Christianity and, by implication, the liberal opposition to the Prussian autocracy. Marx eventually moved into journalism and, in October 1842, became editor, of Rheinische Zeitung, a liberal newspaper backed by industrialists. Due to the controversy of the articles Marx published, particularly regarding economics, the Prussian government closed the paperl and Marx emigrated to France.
While in Brussels Marx becan an intense of history and elaborated on what came to be known as the materialist conception of history. He published this as the The German Ideology), of which the basic thesis was that "the nature of individuals depends on the material conditions determining their production." Marx traced the history of the various modes of production and predicted the collapse of the present one -- industrial capitalism -- and its replacement by communism.