The History of the Middle East

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How did Islamic civilizations spread to encompass such an extensive empire?  

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Like most civilizations throughout history, the Islamic way of life spread through military conquest. Due to decisive military strategy, Islamic civilization achieved many military victories both within and without the Arabian peninsula. Unlike many conquerors throughout history, the Muslim conquerors were often liberating nations from comparatively wicked despots, and presenting a life and faith that were compelling and progressive in comparison to what they had suffered prior.

Islamic civilization also spread due to mission work. Once military conquest had established a caliphate, or Islamic state, missionaries would mingle with local populations to propagate the teachings of Islam. People were excited about Islam, as they had not been about religion in some time, evidenced by the fact that even traders and people traveling for economic reasons had a hand in spreading the faith.

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The Islamic Empire spread through the conquest of territories both in Arabia and outside of it. An effective...

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