The History of the Middle East

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How did Islam spread all over the world?

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Trade and conversion played major factors in the spread of Islam. Islamic traders controlled valuable roads to Asia. Arabic traders spread their influence into North Africa as well. Though the Arabic world was not as unified as the Roman empire, its influence could be felt from the Indian Ocean to West Africa. In many places, such as Palestine, many were encouraged to convert to Islam or else pay an additional tax.

Islam also unified a large portion of the ancient world. Arabic replaced languages such as Aramaic and Greek. Arab coins soon became a popular currency all over the ancient world thanks to the availability of gold. Arabic advances in medicine and other sciences would eventually lead to the spread of the Renaissance in Europe after the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks in 1453.

One final reason for the spread of Islam was the overall fragmented nature of the fallen Roman Empire in the fifth century. Islam was able to take back North Africa due to the weakness of...

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