How did international affairs of the 1980's contribute to the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe and the end of the Cold War?International Affairs

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brettd's profile pic

brettd | High School Teacher | (Level 2) Educator Emeritus

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Many historians are now arguing that the Soviet War in Afghanistan from 1979 to 1988 played a pivotal role in the collapse of the Soviet Empire.  Their economy was creaky and inefficient as it was, and as Afghanistan became their Vietnam, they dumped tens of billions of rubles into the war that they really didn't have.  In addition to the increased military spending in the United States and elsewhere, the Soviets faced growing unrest in Poland, Czechoslovakia and elsewhere, which they were no longer able to react to effectively by the end of the 1980s.

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litteacher8 | High School Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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The main reason the Soviet Union collapsed was that communism wasn't sustainable. The rest of the world disapproved strongly, containment and ideology prevented trade, and a country does need trade. The people were starving. You can't eat ideals.