The main general impact of industrialization was to "proletarianize" the lives of workers and to break down the bonds and structures that had held society together in the past.
As the economy industrialized, workers streamed to the cities. Their work in those cities tended to be unskilled and to be out of their control. That is, instead of doing skilled work when and how they wanted to, they were doing less skilled work when and how (and at what pace) they were told to.
The move to the cities due to industrialization also broke social bonds and made urban life less pleasant. People who moved to cities did not have the same social pressures on them to conform and to behave properly as people in small communities did. This helped lead to such problems as crime and poverty.