How did the  Industrial Revolution affect  immigration?  

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mkoren eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Industrial Revolution had a significant impact on immigration to the United States. As more factories were being built, more workers were needed to work in those factories. Many people in Europe were struggling economically. They had heard there were plenty of jobs available in the United States. Thus, they came to this country, in part, to improve their economic condition. They hoped they could achieve a better quality of life and establish a better standard of living in the United States than they had in Europe.

Many of the immigrants settled in the cities. This is where the factories were located. This led to the development of ethnic neighbors within cities so the immigrants could be with people who spoke their language, shared common experiences, and had the same culture. These ethnic neighborhoods helped ease the difficult process facing the immigrants of assimilating into the American society.

In part, as a result of the Industrial Revolution, the United States became a more diverse society. The Industrial Revolution helped our country grow as more immigrants came to the United States in search of jobs and a better way of life.

mrkirschner eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Industrial Revolution had a very direct effect on immigration. This is due to the shortage of unskilled workers that existed in the United States after the Civil War. Cities in the northeastern United States were erupting with business and industry after the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad. They were, however, doomed by a shortage of laborers. To solve this issue, politicians made the path to American citizenship easier for Europeans. Millions of immigrants arrived on the shores of the United States between 1885 and 1920 to work in American factories.

The Industrial Revolution also caused a spike in the populations of Europe. The population boom came at the same time that agriculture was becoming more commercial and mechanized. The implication of this was that far fewer farmers were needed in Europe to create far more goods. The rural laborers were displaced, lost their homes, and were met with famine and disease. Suddenly, emigrating to the United States became a viable solution for them.