How was the goal of independence achieved by the American colonies?
The American colonies achieved their goal of independence through the Revolutionary War. In doing so, the colonies had to pull together and support the rebel army. In addition, they had to gain the support of the French, who could provide them with some of the materiel and money that they needed in order to defeat the British. Finally, the Americans had to hold out long enough for the British to give up the fight. The colonies, then, got their independence by pulling together well enough to support the war, by enlisting French help, and by fighting well enough and long enough to force the British to give up.