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How did immigration to the middle colonies contribute to the region’s economic role as a crossroads between the southern and New England colonies?

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The Middle Colonies attracted the most diverse group of European colonists and immigrants. This partly explains why it developed a more diverse economy that served as a crossroads between the other colonies to its north and south. The relative tolerance of the Middle Colonies largely accounts for this diversity. For instance, anyone of any Christian faith was automatically granted citizenship in New York.

Many of these immigrants, particularly Germans, took up farming on small or medium-sized farms. They usually grew staple grains that served to feed not just the local population, but other parts of the colonies as well. This allowed the more fertile Southern Colonies to focus more of their farmland on cash-crops for export. New England was never suitable for large-scale farming and the food from the Middle Colonies supported a growing population there that could focus on other economic pursuits.

Many immigrants also came to this region as indentured servants. These young men and women...

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