How did Hop Frog come to be in the court in the first place?

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According to the narrator, Hop-Frog was kidnapped and brought to the king's court. He came "from some barbarous region," and  he and another girl named Trippetta, described as "dwarvish," were:

forcibly carried off from their respective homes in adjoining provinces, and sent as presents to the king, by one of his ever-victorious generals.

Of course, they were intended to amuse the king, which they did. But they live what must be described as a miserable existence, having no other purpose than to amuse the king, who laughs at their infirmities. When the King insults Trippetta by pushing her and throwing a goblet of wine in her face, Hop-Frog determines to get revenge, which he achieves by persuading the King and his courtiers to dress up as "ourang-outans", chained like beasts, before setting them on fire. Hop-Frog, kidnapped from his family and subjected to constant indignity and ridicule to amuse the king, gains his revenge in the end. 

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According to Edgar Allan Poe, the clever court jester, Hop Frog, was stolen from “some barbarous region” by the King and enslaved for the sole purpose of making the King laugh.  Hop Frog is a physically deformed dwarf who got his name because of the way his physical deformity makes him walk.  When the King hits Trippetta, Hop Frog’s true love, Hop Frog devises a plan to seek revenge against the King.  He gets the King and his ministers at the party to dress up as orangutans, symbolizing the animal-like behavior the King engages in when ridiculing Hop Frog and Trippetta for their deformities. Hop Frog is able to bind the King and the ministers in chains and pulls them up to the ceiling where he sets them on fire, killing them.  In the end, Hop Frog escapes the King’s enslavement and runs off into the night with Trippetta. 

The short story “Hop Frog” is a trickster tale where the weak is able to rise above the strong through their sly, clever abilities.

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