In 1919, the Nazi Party was founded as the German Worker's Party. Its promises included the abolition of what they considered unfair terms of the Treaty of Versailles, opposition to communism, remilitarization of Germany, uplift of the "supreme" Aryan race, and the establishment of anti-Semitic and racist policies that were...
supposed to ensure the well-being of the Aryan German people.
Adolf Hitler joined the party shortly after its founding. In 1921, he became its leader and changed the name to the National Socialist German Worker's Party. He was a charismatic public speaker who proclaimed that he could provide the salvation of the German people and their nation. He called for the establishment of the "master Aryan race," the expulsion of communists and Jews, and revolution that would relieve the German people of unemployment, inflation, poverty, and hunger. At first, Hitler's revolution failed, and he even spent time in prison. However, in 1933, he became chancellor of Germany.
At once Hitler set out to fulfill the promises of the Nazi Party. All political parties except the Nazis were banned. In 1933, the Nazis established the first concentration camp in Dachau, to which they sent Jews, communists, and other political prisoners. Numerous other concentration camps, some for the purpose of murdering prisoners, were later set up. Once Hitler's control of the government was complete, he worked on foreign policy aimed at overturning the terms of the Versailles Treaty. He had Germany withdraw from the League of Nations and build up German armed forces far beyond what was permissible in the treaty. Eventually he ordered German troops to invade Poland, and World War II began.