How did historical globalization and imperialism shape today's world?

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Modern nations that were once colonies bear the mark of their colonizers. In the Caribbean, former British colonies (Jamaica, Trinidad) are somewhat integrated into the global economy, while former colonies of France (Haiti) and Spain (Dominican Republic) are somewhat isolated and depend largely on economies based on cheap labor and dwindling resources.

All colonies were begun to enrich their colonizers, but in some of them, an infrastructure was built and maintained to enable the colony to function on its own when colonization ceased to be profitable. Hong Kong, a British Crown Colony for 99 years, remains an attractive place to do business nearly two decades after the British returned it to mainland China. Democratic Republic of Congo (the former Zaire and Belgian Congo), one of the most brutally exploited colonies in modern times, has little infrastructure and remains one of the most dangerous places on Earth.

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