How did the historical context of post World War II affect Orwell's purpose in writing Animal Farm?

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mizzwillie | Middle School Teacher | (Level 1) Senior Educator

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In the aftermath of World War II, George Orwell published his novel Animal Farm.  Historical context forces Orwell to use allegorical form to discuss his views.  He wanted to warn people with his book that war is not worth the cost because of the lives lost and the destruction of countries. He could not use the name of the USSR or Stalin because many British citizens felt that Stalin had saved them from invasion.So, Stalin became a pig.  Orwell could also not criticize Communism when the USSR was starving its people, but shows his contempt in the book as food is reserved for the pigs.  This shows how Orwell had to be politically savvy in his criticism and yet discuss his fear of the Communist way of life. The last rule, "All animals are equal" soon becomes that all animals are equal but some are more equal than others which shows Orwell's disbelief in Communist principles without openly confronting them which his government would not have appreciated.

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