How did Han and Roman leaders promote long periods of peace and prosperity?

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There are a wide variety of Han and Roman leaders you could talk about in an essay. I'll explore two leaders in this post.

First, let's take a look at Constantine the Great. He was a Roman emperor who reigned from 306–337 CE. He was a great military leader who also had the mind and disposition needed to rule. While emperor, Constantine enacted reforms to just about every branch of society, including sectors like finance, administration, and military. He even introduced a new gold coin called the solidus, which became the standard currency for more than one thousand years.

Constantine also had a mind for the future. On his deathbed, he converted to Christianity. This played a large role in the Edict of Milan, which is when Christianity became tolerated throughout the Roman empire. Christianity had been gaining in popularity for years by the time this happened. By embracing Christianity instead of crushing it, Constantine may have prevented a rebellion that could have harmed the Roman Empire.

For the Han Empire, you could talk about the Emperor Wu of Han. He reigned from 157–87 BCE—over fifty-four years. This would remain the longest-lasting reign for more than 1,800 years. Wu oversaw a vast expansion in Chinese territory. He developed a strong centralized government, supported the arts, and promoted Confucian doctrines, which continues to play a large role in the shape of Chinese and neighboring societies to this day.

Both Constantine the Great and Emperor Wu were expansionists and reformists. They also each embraced a religious tradition that would go on to become the foundation of their country. These forward-thinking, intelligent leaders were some of the best that the two empires ever had.

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