How did Gulliver reach Luggnagg? Why did Gulliver have to pose as a Dutchman on his way to Luggnagg?

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noahvox2 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels, first published in 1726-27, is divided into four major parts. It is in the third part that Gulliver is taken to Luggnagg. As Part III begins, Gulliver sets out on his third voyage aboard the ship of his friend Captain William Robinson.

After various adventures and hardships, including a visit to the flying island of Laputa and Lagado, the capital city of the Laputians' realm on the earth below their flying island, Gulliver begins to think of returning to England. Gulliver initially plans to set out out from Lagado to the island of Luggnagg, which Gulliver says was about 300 miles from Japan. After arriving at Japan, Gulliver would then travel on to Europe and England. 

At one point in Part III, Gulliver says that he decided to pretend that he was Dutch because he "knew the Dutch were the only Europeans permitted to enter" Japan.

Eventually, after a side-trip to Glubbdubdrib, Gulliver sails to Luggnagg and after about a month's journey,

"On the 21st of April, 1708, we sailed into the river of Clumegnig, which is a seaport town, at the south-east point of Luggnagg."

After being detailed for two weeks by "a custom-house officer," Gulliver and a guide travel by mule to an audience with the Luggnaggian king.