How did government politics, geographical-location, and natural resources contribute to the rapid process of Britain's Industrial Revolution?Be sure to some type of detail and example of each please.

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enotechris eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Britain, the first country in the world to industrialize, was able to do so because of several factors.  The first was due to Unification, or the creation of a stable political system. Britain became a political entity in 1707, but prior to that, England had spent centuries unifying its various fifedoms under one ruler.  With the establishment of Great Britain in 1707 (England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales), the process was complete, and the country could act as a unit in establishing trade not only within its own boundaries, but in its expanding empire as well, without having to worry about civil wars among various small powerful factions (as was the case in Germany) or being attacked from without, since being a unified island nation would discourage any aggression from Continental Europe. Second, Britain was rich in coal, and began using it as an energy source.  The higher temperatures of coal burning (instead of wood) allowed for iron ores to be extracted and manufactured; metal became relatively cheap, and that allowed for the development of steam power, the steam engine itself created from the newly smelted metals and also powered by coal. The creation of the steam engine was the single most important event in the Industrial Revolution; once it was applied to various industries (textiles, for example) they could be produced more cheaply and in greater quantity and quality. Railroads, steamships, new and better manufacturing processes became the defining elements of the day.