How did the gold rush impact Native Americans?

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There have been multiple gold rushes in American history, and they have all had similar effects on Native peoples. For example, one of the reasons whites in Georgia and North Carolina were so intent on removing the Cherokee nation from their lands was that gold had been discovered there. Similarly,...

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There have been multiple gold rushes in American history, and they have all had similar effects on Native peoples. For example, one of the reasons whites in Georgia and North Carolina were so intent on removing the Cherokee nation from their lands was that gold had been discovered there. Similarly, the California Gold Rush of 1848 led to the large-scale expropriation of lands that had been owned by Natives for centuries. Indians in California were forced on to reservations and even enslaved by whites who had the support of federal law. To cite another example, the Black Hills in the Dakota Territory were sacred lands to many of the Sioux people, whose right to access them was protected by treaty. When gold was discovered there, these guarantees were ignored, and violations led to violence that resulted in the intervention of federal troops and the outbreak of extended conflict. So in short, the discovery of gold within Indian lands was invariably disastrous for the Native peoples that lived there. 

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